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What is a shareholder?

A shareholder is the owner of a company limited by shares. If there is more than one shareholder each owns a representative portion of the company. Shareholders are entitled to receive their portion of the company’s profits.

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Who can be a shareholder?

Anyone can be a shareholder, including another company – known as a corporate shareholder.

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What is a Share?

A share is a unit of ownership interest in a company.

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Are there different types of shares?

Yes. Typically a company only has what is known as ordinary shares, which carry equal value and voting rights. However, different classes (types) of share may be created, the most common of which are preference, cumulative and redeemable. These shares will have different values and voting rotes attributed to them.

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What is the Value of a Share?

A share has a nominal value and an actual value (or market value). The nominal value is the amount that the shareholder paid for the share. The actual value will vary from this amount and depends on the value of the company and the market conditions.